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Founding An Inbreeding-Free Space Colony

2017-11-12 10,525 261 326,955 YouTube

Thanks to 23AndMe for supporting SciShow. These kits make great gifts, so check out https://23AndMe.com/SciShow How much genetic diversity would we need to found a colony on another planet? Hosted by: Stefan Chin ---------- Support SciShow by becoming a patron on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/scishow ---------- Dooblydoo thanks go to the following Patreon supporters: KSam Lutfi, Kevin Knupp, Nicholas Smith, Inerri, D.A. Noe, alexander wadsworth, سلطان الخليفي, Piya Shedden, KatieMarie Magnone, Scott Satovsky Jr, Bella Nash, Charles Southerland, Bader AlGhamdi, James Harshaw, Patrick Merrithew, Patrick D. Ashmore, Candy, Tim Curwick, charles george, Saul, Mark Terrio-Cameron, Viraansh Bhanushali, Kevin Bealer, Philippe von Bergen, Chris Peters, Fatima Iqbal, Justin Lentz ---------- Looking for SciShow elsewhere on the internet? Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/scishow Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/scishow Tumblr: http://scishow.tumblr.com Instagram: http://instagram.com/thescishow ---------- Sources: https://www.newscientist.com/article/dn1936-magic-number-for-space-pioneers-calculated/ http://www.popularmechanics.com/space/deep-space/a10369/how-many-people-does-it-take-to-colonize-another-star-system-16654747/ http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0094576513004669 https://geneticliteracyproject.org/2016/07/05/mars-colonists-need-bring-earth-large-gene-pool/ https://www.salon.com/2015/04/12/there_will_be_sex_in_space_mars_science_and_the_dictates_of_biology_and_human_culture/ https://www.britannica.com/science/minimum-viable-population https://www.nature.com/scientificamerican/journal/v308/n1/full/scientificamerican0113-38.html http://bio.classes.ucsc.edu/bio107/Class%20pdfs/W05_lecture8.pdf http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2002/02/0220_0220_wirelifeinspace_2.html https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1276087/ https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2752555/ https://www.genome.gov/27561444/iceland-study-provides-insights-into-disease-paves-way-for-largescale-genomic-studies/ https://www.researchgate.net/publication/19535182_Observing_the_founder_effect_in_human_evolution https://www.pbs.org/wgbh/evolution/library/06/3/l_063_03.html https://investigativegenetics.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13323-015-0028-9 https://www.karger.com/Article/Abstract/90545 https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2987173/ https://www.nature.com/hdy/journal/v100/n4/full/6801083a.html http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1469-1809.2003.00046.x/abstract https://nctc.fws.gov/courses/csp/csp3157/content/resources/pop_viability.pdf https://arxiv.org/pdf/1708.08649.pdf https://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2014/10/how-icelands-genealogy-obsession-leads-to-scientific-breakthroughs/381097/ https://www.usatoday.com/story/tech/2013/04/18/new-app-helps-icelanders-avoid-accidental-incest/2093649/ Images: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Founder_effect_Illustration.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Amish_farm_morristown_new_york.jpg https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ingolf_by_Raadsig.jpg